Masurian Lakes are part of the Polish East Baltic Lakes. The Lake District lies within the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. Small parts of the district lie within the Masovian and Podlaskie Voivodeships.
The lake district was shaped by glaciers during the Pleistocene ice age. Many of its hills are parts of moraines and many of its lakes are moraine-dammed lakes.
The two largest lakes in Poland are in the Masurian lake district – Śniardwy and Mamry and also Niegocin, Nidzkie, Roś and Tałty. There are more than 2700 lakes in the district.
The rivers flowing from the Masurian Lake District belong to the basins of the Narew and Pregola river.
The Masurian Lakeland includes:
- Lake district around Olsztyn
- Lake district in Mrągowo County
- The Land of the Great Masurian Lakes
- Lake district Węgorapa
- Szeskie Hills
- Ełk Lakeland
- Masurian Plain
In the Masurian Lake District there are 114 nature reserves.
The Masurian Lake District can be reached by train, bus or car. The nearest international airports are in Warsaw, Gdansk and Vilnius.
The largest transport centre in the region is Olsztyn and Ełk. Masuria can be reached by trains from Warsaw, Gdansk and Vilnius, as well as by buses from many Polish cities.
Sailing routes connect some central cities in the region. Cycling and sailing are popular ways to get around the area.
Hotels are located in close proximity to the Great Masurian Lakes, including Giżycko, Mikołajki and Ełk. In the surrounding villages there are also guesthouses and campsites.
The waterway in Masuria starts in Węgorzewo in the north and ends in Pisz. This waterway is new for sailing. Only boats with low draught can sail all the way to Pisz on the Pisa river.
Weather in Masuria
Masuria has a temperate climate with cold winters and warm summers. The weather here is generally a bit cooler than in most parts of Poland, and the area usually experiences several snow falls during the winter. The Masurian lakes are oftentimes frozen from December until the end of February. Springtime can be wet, while summers are generally drier.
The best weather for sailing in Masuria is from the beginning of May to the end of September. The warmest period is in July and August – up to 22 ° C by day and at night around 15 ° C.
You have to know that In June there is a possibility for rain and cooler days. In July and August there are high temperatures, a lot of sunshine and the wind is warm. Every year the weather is warmer than the year before.
Please keep in mind, that a few years ago it was snowing in May. When preparing for Masurian sailing – the most important task is to check the weather. It is better to be prepared for weather changes.
Finally, the lakes. Beautiful, attractive, large and small, shallow and deep. They can be dangerous, but a little attention is enough so nothing can disturb you the Masurian idyll.
A system of weather warnings has been introduced in Masuria. 17 masts located by the main sailing routes inform about the possibility of a weather meltdown.
What to pack for sailing the Masurian lakes?
First of all, you have to remember that you do not feel any real, high temperature around water so you need to have high filter sunscreens with you. On the other hand, summer nights in Masuria are sometimes cool.
A product against ticks and mosquitoes, permissions, sturdy shoes (in most Masurian cities there is no public transportation), a camera – nature in Masuria is really amazing, and warm and thin clothing.
There are many places in Masuria where you can start your Masurian sailing. For example, in the port of Giżycko you can start a cruise south to Mikolajka or north to Węgorzewo.
nature and history lovers should go to the island of Cormorants. The route leads along the southern waters of Lake Mamry to the reserve Dobskie Lake, and the destination is the island of Wysoki Ostrów – a breeding colony of cormorants and herons, and at the same time a relic of an old Prussian water castle.
It is worth spending a whole day cruising on the Great Masurian Lakes – a landscape and ornithological adventure between the picturesque islands on Lake Kisajno, which are nature reserves.
The nature in Masuria is really beautiful. If sailing in Masuria is not possible for some reason – then walks and renting a bicycle is also an opportunity to explore.
We wish you fair winds